The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India has notified the standards for Basmati rice (including Brown Basmati rice, Milled Basmati rice, Parboiled Brown Basmati rice and Milled Parboiled Basmati rice) through Food Safety and Standards (Food Products Standards and Food Additives) First Amendment Regulations, 2023.
These standards will be enforced with effect from August 1, 2023.
FSSAI, in a statement, has remarked, “In order to ensure supply of standardised genuine Basmati rice in domestic and export markets, the food authority has notified regulatory standards for Basmati rice that have been framed through extensive consultations with the concerned government departments / agencies and other stakeholders as well.”
“As per these standards Basmati rice shall possess natural fragrance characteristic of Basmati rice and be free from artificial colouring, polishing agents and artificial fragrances. These standards also specify various identity and quality parameters for Basmati rice such as average size of grains and their elongation ratio after cooking; maximum limits of moisture, amylose content, uric acid, defective/damaged grains and incidental presence of other non-Basmati rice etc.”
FSSAI added that these standards are aimed to establish fair practices in the trade of Basmati rice and protect consumer interest, both domestically and globally, as being a premium quality rice and fetching a price higher than the non-Basmati varieties, Basmati rice is prone to various types of adulteration for economic gains which may include, among others, undeclared blending of other non-Basmati varieties of rice.
Due to its unique quality attributes, Basmati is a widely consumed variety of rice both domestically and globally and India accounts for two thirds of its global supply.
The regulation also specifies the broken Basmati rice name(s) including Basmati Rice Tibar, Basmati Rice Dubar, Basmati Rice Mini Dubar, Basmati Rice Mogra, & Basmati Rice Mini Mogra.
Also, the FSSAI has notified the regulations related to Blended Rice, which can be mixture of Basmati and/ or non-Basmati rice which resemble with each-other as closely as possible in final attributes.
The Regulations say that every package of Blended Rice shall carry a label detailing the rice used for blending with percentage.